How Should You Trade This Month’s FOMC
Daily FX Market Roundup 07.31.18
By Kathy Lien, Managing Director of FX Strategy for BK Asset Management
Of all the central bank monetary policy announcements this week, the outcome of the Federal Reserve’s will be the least surprising. Having just raised interest rates in June, we know that the Fed won’t be making any changes this month. So the big question is whether the dollar will have any reaction to FOMC and we think it will. First and foremost, investors want to be long dollars, particularly against the Japanese Yen after today’s Bank of Japan monetary policy announcement. Although there’s very little risk in FOMC this month, it is still a major event risk and some traders want the all clear from the Fed before buying. Second, the Fed will tell us that further tightening is needed because the labor market is strong and economic activity is growing at a solid rate. Inflation is on the rise, manufacturing and service sector activity is accelerating and spare capacity is declining so there’s no reason to deviate from their plan to tighten again.
Fed fund futures are currently pricing in an 80% chance of a rate hike in September and according to the table below, not much has changed in the U.S. economy since June. Labor market conditions deteriorated slightly but job growth remains strong, retail sales increased, inflation is on the rise and housing activity weakened. Both the manufacturing and service sectors reported stronger growth and today we learned that personal income and spending growth are healthy and manufacturing activity in the Chicago region accelerated significantly. So the FOMC statement will most likely highlight the underlying strength of the economy and the uptick in inflation.
A hawkish FOMC statement that echoes the optimism of Fed Chair Powell will leave the market convinced that there will be at least one and possibly even two more rounds of tightening this year and this widening gap between U.S. and Japanese rates should be enough to take USD/JPY above 112. Reports that the U.S. and China are looking to restart trade talks also helps USD/JPY. Last but certainly not least, a hawkish Fed would raise hope that Friday’s jobs report will be strong with wage growth rising and the unemployment rate falling.
How should you trade FOMC? Chances are there won’t be any major changes to the FOMC statement and if USD/JPY dips on the release, it is a buy. There’s no press conference or forecasts so the reaction should be relatively brief. If there are hawkish tweaks to the statement, USD/JPY becomes a great buy into NFP. However if there are fresh concerns, no matter how large or small, the best currency pairs to trade are USD/CHF to the short side or USD/CAD and AUD/USD to the long side. With FOMC on the calendar, the dollar’s reaction to ISM and ADP should be limited.
USD/JPY almost hit 112 today following the Bank of Japan’s monetary policy announced. The Japanese Yen sold off across the board after the BoJ failed to impress. They left interest rates unchanged and while they said long term yields would be allowed to “move upward and downward depending on economic and price developments,” they intend to keep rates near zero. They also lowered their inflation forecast and pledged to keep extraordinary policies in place for an “extended period of time,” widening the gap between Fed, BoE and ECB policies. Their actions today tell us that fighting inflation and boosting growth is more important than boosting commercial bank profitability and the decision to keep monetary policy extremely accommodative will limit demand for the Yen.
Meanwhile stronger than expected Canadian GDP growth drove the Canadian dollar higher for the third day in a row. Canada’s economy grew 0.5% in May, up from 0.2% in April. On an annualized basis, GDP growth was expected to slow to 2.3% from 2.5% but instead, it accelerated to 2.6%. Despite the breakdown in NAFTA talks, nineteen out of the twenty sectors surveyed reported stronger growth so barring further deterioration in U.S. – Canadian trade relations, investors could start positioning for a fourth quarter rate hike. So while USD/CAD is holding above 1.30, we believe its only a matter of time before this level breaks in a more meaningful way. The Australian dollar also performed well on the back of stronger building approvals and talk about the U.S. and China restarting trade talks. However the PMI manufacturing index is scheduled for release this evening and the recent weakness of the Chinese Yuan could lead to softer activity. The New Zealand dollar failed to participate in the comm dollar rally because business confidence weakened which raises concerns ahead of tonight’s Q2 employment report. The risk is to the downside because according to Manpower survey and New Zealand’s manufacturing PMI report, labor market activity deteriorated between April and June.
Both euro and sterling gave up earlier gains to end the day unchanged against the greenback. Sterling has seen very little movement ahead of the Bank of England’s monetary policy announcement and Quarterly Inflation Report and the longer this lasts, the greater the chance of a big breakout. We could finally see some movement on the back of tomorrow’s manufacturing PMI data. The Eurozone on the other hand released a lot of information today. We learned that GDP growth slowed in the second quarter, but inflation accelerated. Labor market conditions in Germany were unchanged but retail sales increased. As we are looking for further gains in the greenback, EUR/USD and GBP/USD could remain under pressure.