ECB Preview – Will Draghi Help or Hurt Euro?
Daily FX Market Roundup 03.08.17
Thanks to strongest increase in private payrolls since April 2014, the U.S. dollar extended its gains against all of the major currencies. ADP reported a 298K rise in corporate payrolls in February, which was not only higher than the previous month but also significantly better than the 187K forecast. Economists believe that job growth slowed last month but today’s ADP report will have investors looking forward to a solid labor market report on Friday. A lower unemployment rate and stronger wage growth had been on the docket for some time but payroll growth was expected to slow from 227K in January to 174K in February. However after today’s ADP report, the consensus forecast climbed to 200K and could increase further as banks adjust their estimates. The problem for the dollar is that Fed fund futures are now pricing in a 100% chance of a March rate hike and a solid NFP report cannot increase those odds further. Where it will make a difference is in June as the futures currently show only a 50% chance of tightening at the next quarterly meeting. Judging from today’s move in the dollar there is still money on the sidelines waiting for hawkishness from Janet Yellen so there could still be a push higher on FOMC day if Yellen signals more rate hikes in the very near future. In the meantime we expect buyers to sweep in on USD/JPY dips ahead of Friday’s non-farm payrolls report. USD/JPY tested its March 114.75 high today and failed to break the resistance level. We still believe that 115 will be tested pre-NFP. Jobless claims and the Challenger layoff report are scheduled for release tomorrow and these reports are likely to confirm the strength of the labor market.
While NFPs will be on the back of everyone’s minds, the European Central Bank’s monetary policy announcement will be front and center on Thursday. The ECB is widely expected to keep policy unchanged but between their quarterly economic forecasts and Mario Draghi’s press conference, we can be assured that there will be wild swings in EUR/USD tomorrow. Since the last monetary policy meeting in January, inflation picked up significantly with widespread improvements in manufacturing and service sector activity. The German labor market also benefitted from healthier labor market conditions but the ECB said on a few occasions that they would look past temporary increases in inflation. More recent data such as the German IFO report, trade balance and industrial production showed pockets of weakness. This will worry a central bank who is not convinced that the rise in inflation and the general recovery is durable. So while EUR/USD could pop on upgraded economic forecasts, Mario Draghi will most likely talk down the currency and that could erase any earlier gains. At the end of the day, the ECB wants the euro to remain weak to support the economy and they will do everything in their power to prevent it from rising including downplaying or flat out dismissing upgraded inflation and GDP forecasts. Support in EUR/USD is at 1.05 and resistance is at 1.0640.
All 3 commodity currencies traded lower today on the back of U.S. dollar weakness and surprisingly soft Chinese trade numbers. While everyone was looking for a smaller Chinese trade surplus in February, no one anticipated a deficit. China reported its weakest trade balance in 3 years as exports fell and imports soared. Part of the deterioration had to do with Lunar New Year distortions but higher commodity prices and stronger domestic demand also contributed to the shift. Exports are expected to recover in the coming months but China’s currency and trade balance will remain a hot topic for the Trump Administration. In the near term the pressure on AUD and NZD will come from the U.S. dollar or commodity prices and not China’s economic outlook. Nine days have past without a rally for NZD/USD. The currency extended its losses on the back of yesterday’s drop in dairy prices. Although New Zealand’s economy has been struggling, the weakness of NZD will help to boost inflation and support growth. USD/CAD came within striking distance on 1.35 as oil prices tumbled. Stronger than expected Canadian housing reports failed to stem the slide in the currency. The trend is strong but 1.35 is an important resistance level that USD/CAD may find difficult to break ahead of Friday’s Canadian and U.S. economic reports.
The British pound extended its losses versus the U.S. dollar despite the government’s decision to upgrade GDP forecasts to 2% for 2017 from a previous forecast of 1.4%. Growth estimates for 2018, 2019 and 2020 were revised lower. These changes in the U.K.’s Spring Budget are a reflection of the government’s view of how Brexit will impact the economy. This year will be about planning and initiating the U.K.’s divorce from the European Union and the next few years will be when the pain is felt. The Office for Budget Responsibility expects a deficit of 2.6% of GDP in 2016-2017 and plans to cut borrowing by GBP23.5 billion pounds over the next 4 years. With that in mind, the government also plans to build a reserve fund in case extra spending is needed to help navigate Britain’s economy through a Brexit slowdown. In the meantime, spending will be supported by higher taxes – the government announced a reduction in the tax free dividend allowance and a two tier sugar tax levy. As we can see in the performance of GBP, these changed did not help the currency. Investors remain nervous about holding sterling ahead of the potential trigger of Article 50 next week.